One of the most spectacular battles of the Great War was consummated on the Marne where the Entente inflicted a great loss on the troops of the Central Powers. The fight on the Marne followed the battle of the frontiers of August which represented the foremost advance of the German troops on French soil.
A Franco — British coalition managed to deter the German Imperial Army to abandon its plans to attack Paris and to retire north, thus creating the conditions to the trench warfare of the following four years on the Western Front.
The battle for the frontiers is a general name given to a series of operations which began on August 4th, on the Franco — German border and in Southern Belgium.
These battles preceded the Battle of the Marne which enabled the German Army to invade Belgium and North — East France thus managing to strategically place themselves within 50 km of Paris. The German operations were carried out according to the Schlieffen Plan which imagined objective a speedy defeat of France in the West so as to enable the German Army to turn eastwards against Imperial Russia. At that time, the commander Marne Lost Lost.
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the 1stGerman Army Alexander von Kluck received instructions to encircle Paris from the East. The Germans and the French thought it was only a matter of time before the Central Powers would be victorious and because of this, the French Government moved to Bordeaux.
The Allies gathered from the information their reconnaissance troops sent that between the 1stand 2ndArmy, Von Kluck opened a 48 km breach in the German line. The German forces still hoped to breach the line of the 6thFrench Army during the time between 6thand 8thSeptember.
The 6thArmy had been supplemented on September 7thwith almost Also, General Joseph Gallieni sent 6. On September 9th, it seemed that the 1stand 2ndGerman Armies would be encircled and destroyed. When General von Moltke heard Marne Lost Lost.
the German Armies were facing such a danger, he suffered a nervous breakdown. His subordinates took the command and ordered the troops to retire to Aisne, in order to regroup and organize a new offensive. The Germans were followed by the French and British troops, even though they reduced the advance to 19 km per day.
After 64 km, the German troops stopped north of the river Aisne where they prepared the trenches which would be used in the following years of the war. The French ended up with The British lost 1.
The Germans suffered as many casualties as the Germans. No other battle on the Western Front would have as many casualties per day as the Battle of the Marne did.
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